Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer

Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is one of the dangerous diseases that can lead to death. It’s estimated that more than 12,000 cases of cervical cancer by the end of 2017 in the US. And more than 4.000 women will die in this year in American. This is a huge figure and becomes the second most common types of cancer for women in the world. Although this disease is so dangerous, people still don’t have enough knowledge about its causes and symptoms.

How can you understand cervical cancer?

Cervical cancer is a cancer that begins in the cervix. It’s caused by irregular cells on the cervix that cannot be controlled. This disease can occur during midlife and half of women with cervical cancer are in the age of 35-55. It rarely happens for women under 20 years old. And just 20% women above 65 years old gets it. Although it can lead to death, it can be treated successfully when you realize its symptoms early. Pap test is the best method that help you find out the signs early.

What are symptoms of cervical cancer?

In most cases, cervical cancer doesn’t cause special symptoms in the early periods. Symptoms often begin when the cancer becomes interfering and develops into nearby tissue. When it occurs, having some common symptoms are:

–          Bleeding from the vagina

–          Bleeding between menstrual periods regularly

–          Bleeding after menopause

–          Bleeding after having sex

–          Having strange discharge

–          Discomfort during sex

–          Pain during urination

–          Pain in the lower belly

–          Going to urinate more frequently

Cervical cancer can spread within the pelvis and have some advanced symptoms such as: fatigue, painful back, lose weight, muscle aches.

Risk factors lead to cervical cancer

Risk factor is all thing that can increase people’ chances to develop cancer. Even though risk factors often affect development of cancer, most of them don’t cause cancer directly. So understanding risk factors may help you prevent or control it. Here are some risk factors can lead to cervical cancer for women:

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV). The most important risk factor for cervical cancer is HPV infection. There are more than 150 types of viruses. Most of them are harmless, but others can cause a lot of symptoms such as warts and health problems. And it can be a reason that lead to cervical cancer. HPV can spread through skin to skin contact during sex. When entering the body, it will infect cells on the surface of the skin and other organs in the body. Warts can be appeared in the genital area, they are called low risk viruses. This because they are seldom connected with cervical cancer. Some types of virus that are called high risk viruses like virus HPV11, HPV16 may lead to cancers such as: cervical, vulva, vaginal cancer in women. They also cause cancers of the mouth, anus and throat in both men and women. HPV infection is common nowadays. In most cases, viruses can go away by themselves and don’t cause any noticeable symptoms. But sometimes, the infection doesn’t disappear and leads to more health problems. When infection cannot go way, it becomes chronic. Chronic infection can lead to certain cancers like cervical cancer. Although there is no cure for HPV infection, having many ways to cure symptoms of HPV.
  • Smoking. Tabaco contains a lot of harmful substances. When smoking, you and people around will contact with harmful chemicals that affect the lungs and other organs in the body. Besides, these harmful chemicals can lead to your cancer. It’s because they are absorbed through the lungs and joined in the bloodstream. Women who smoke will have higher chances than non-smoker. This because the harmless substances can destroy the DNA of cervix cells and make the immune system weak in defeating HPV infections.
  • Chlamydia infection. Chlamydia is one of the sexual transmitted diseases. It is a common type of bacteria that may affect the reproductive system. Women with chlamydia will have higher danger than other people to get cervical cancer. But most people with chlamydia don’t have any symptoms and they even don’t know they get chlamydia or not. So it’s necessary for them to get tested that can control this disease and prevent cervical cancer.
  • Pregnancy. Women have had more full-term pregnancies. Or they had three times of pregnancy and pregnancy before 17 years old will be twice as likely to have cervical cancer. People may be don’t understand why it is. But one theory shows that women had to have unprotected sex to get pregnant, so they may have many chances to contact with HPV. Besides, changes of hormone and weaker immune systems during pregnancy can make cancer growth.
  • Family history. Through genetic, cervical cancer can run in family. If your mother or sister got cervical cancer, your chances to get this disease will be higher 2-3 times than no one in the family.
  • Immune system deficiency. The immune system is so important in defeating cancer cells. If women have weak immune system, they cannot have enough energy to fight against harmless viruses.

There are a lot of reasons that lead to cervical cancer, but most risk factors have been considered high danger causes. So to avoid getting cervical cancer, women should focus on life habit and get vaccine before marriage. Besides, they need to get tested regularly to know their health condition. This because if they get cervical cancer in early stage, they can treat it completely.

 

 

 

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