7 Things You Need to Know About HPV

7 Things You Need to Know About HPV

In most sexually transmitted diseases, the human papillomavirus (HPV) is highly contagious disease. It’s spread through skin contact during unprotected sex. This disease causes more stress and leads to a lot of health problems. One of them is cancer, especially cervical cancer in women. Although many kinds of HPV viruses are harmful and don’t cause any noticeable symptoms, at least 30 types are connected with the growth of cancer. Despite increased awareness about HPV, there are still a lot of confusion about this disease. Here are some things you probably haven’t known about HPV.

1. Everyone will have an equal chance to contract HPV

It’s about more than 20 million people in the US get HPV. This disease becomes the most common sexually transmitted infection in the US. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 42,5% of people at the age between 18 and 69 is infected with genital HPV. And about 79 million people are infected with this disease currently. It’s too common, so everyone who has sexually active will have a chance to contract HPV.

2. There are over 100 different types of HPV, but most of them don’t cause cancer

HPV is considered one of the main reason that leads to cancer, but there is a fact that only two particular viruses cause cancer. They are virus HPV 16 and HPV 18. They are found in 70% of all cervical cancers in women. Even though there are over 100 types of HPV, not all of them lead to cancer. Some viruses cause warts but not cancer, so they are harmful and don’t cause serious health problems.

3. Besides cervical cancer, HPV can lead to other kinds of cancer

When telling HPV, people only imagine the cervical cancer. However, HPV is the reason that causes other cancers. Some of them are anal cancer or oropharyngeal cancer. It’s found in half the cases of vulva and penile cancer. It also leads to two-third of vaginal cancer cases. Thus, HPV causes not only cervical cancer but other types of one.

4. Most people with HPV don’t have any symptoms

Although HPV is a common disease, most people with this illness don’t have special signs. While some people suffer a lot of symptoms, many people don’t show any signs. A survey published by the National cancer Institute that over half of the women with genital warts haven’t known they get HPV. They only realize HPV when getting tested- a pap test will show their disease. However, even people with HPV don’t have symptoms, they still spread the virus to another people.

5. HPV testing is different form men and women

The HPV test can show whether you get HPV or not. For women, it’s necessary for them to have Pap test. And if you have certain changes in cells, doctor can ask the lab to test for the virus. For women between 30 and 65, they should have an HPV test and Pap test every 5 years. And for men, there is no HPV test for them. However, they can have an HPV test on an anal Pap smear to diagnose this disease.

6. The HPV vaccines are safe or not

There are three HPV vaccines: Gardasil 9, Gardasil and Cervarix. All of them have been licensed by the Food and Drug Administration, they have been studied in thousands of people all over the world. However, the most common side effects of HPV are mild fever, itching or moderate fever. In specifically, about 1 in 10 people have a mild fever after getting HPV vaccine, 1 in 30 people will get itching and about 1 in 69 people will have moderate fever. These symptoms can disappear quickly without treatment. Although three vaccines have side effects, they aren’t too dangerous. Thus, they are safe and effective for people. While these vaccines can prevent the virus, not all viruses can be stopped by them. Especially, they are not effective for women who have cervical cancer.

7. Three simple ways to prevent HPV danger

HPV is highly contagious disease and doesn’t have special symptoms, but you can limit your danger by some simple ways:

– Using condom. HPV is transmitted through skin contact when having unprotected sex. The virus can be on any areas of the skin that isn’t covered by the condom. When having sex without a condom, you have a high chance to contract the disease. That’s why you need to use a condom during intercourse. Even though a condom cannot eliminate the virus totally, it will decrease your risk for HPV infection.

– Limit your sex partners. You can be infected by other partners if they are contracted this disease. Thus, the more partners you have, the higher danger of contracting HPV you have. Limiting your sexual partners will help you lower chance to get this disease.

– Get vaccination. Women from 9 to 26 years old and men at the age between 11 and 21 are recommended to get HPV vaccination. Although HPV vaccines cannot prevent all types of HPV, they are effective in stopping some dangerous viruses. Thus, people need to get HPV vaccines to protect themselves and their partners.

Understanding the risks as well as taking care yourself to realize some unwonted changes in the body quickly. Then, you can have some treatments to heal it before it causes many problems for your health. Hence, you should get more knowledge about HPV and the complications of this disease. After that, you will find appropriate methods to protect yourself and your partner.

 

 

 

 

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