How Is HPV Transmitted and Spread?

How Is HPV Transmitted and Spread?

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease. Currently, it’s affecting 79 million American adults. Also, there are 14 million people newly-diagnosed each year. HPV is so common that most people who have had sex will have it at some point in their lives. But unfortunately, many of them know very little about this disease. Also, HPV is highly contagious and it does not usually present symptoms. That’s why people with HPV often spread the virus to others. Especially, this infection can be transmitted to other parts of the body. Here’s everything you need to know about HPV and its transmission.

What causes HPV? And, how do you get the virus?

The virus HPV (or human papillomavirus) can be responsible for HPV infections. A person can get the virus from having sex with an infected partner. HPV may enter the body through a small cut, tear or abrasion on their skin.

There are more than 100 different HPV strains. Most of them are harmless, but some can affect the genitals, causing warts and cancers. You’re likely to contract HPV if you’re at the following risks.

  • You smoke and drink too much.
  • You have weakened immune system.
  • You have family history with HPV infections.
  • You have sex at a very young age.
  • You have sex with multiple partners.
  • You abuse contraceptive pills.
  • You have another STD, such as genital herpes or HIV.

Related: 10 Factors That Increase Your Chances of Getting HPV

Overuse contraceptive pills can put you at higher risk for HPV

Overuse contraceptive pills can put you at higher risk for HPV

How do you know if you have HPV?

HPV does not always show up symptoms. But when it does, you may notice some abnormal changes in your body, including:

  • Skin bumps or warts

HPV can infect different areas of the skin, causing different types of warts. These are genital warts, common warts, plantar warts and flat warts. Genital warts are most sexually transmitted. These mostly occur on the genital and anal areas. Common warts usually grow on the elbows, fingers and hands. They are unsightly, but sometimes can be very painful and even bleeding. Plantar warts especially cause pain and discomfort. They usually appear on the heels or the soles of your feet. Flat warts are more common in children. These can occur anywhere on the body, including the face and legs.

  • HPV-related cancers

While some strains of HPV cause warts, others may develop different types of cancers. These are penile cancer, vulvar or cervical cancer, anal cancer and throat cancer. To know if you get infected with these strains, ask your doctor for available tests.

Related: HPV Tests for Women and Men

Warts on the skin

Warts on the skin

How is HPV transmitted and spread?

HPV is contagious when its symptoms become visible. If the virus remains hidden or stays dormant, it will not be spread. But, there are still cases in which HPV spreads without causing symptoms. This occurs when your body is sick or exposed to high risk factors. Here are 2 common ways in which HPV is transmitted and spread.

1. HPV can spread from person to person

Even when there are no signs and symptoms, HPV can be passed from person-to-person. This can happen in the three following ways:

  • HPV spreads through sexual intercourse

HPV is transmitted and spread through intimate skin contact. You can catch the virus if you have sex with someone who has already had it. Engaging in vaginal, oral or anal sex without protection can put you at high risk.

Related: 8 Nasty Skin Problems You Can Get From Having Sex

  • HPV spreads through intimate skin contact without having sex

There is some evidence that you can get HPV without having sex. There are two possibilities for this, including:

  • You engage in non-penetrative sex acts with an infected partner. For example, finger-anal, finger-vaginal or genital-genital contact.
  • You kiss someone who has oral HPV.

Related: Oral STDs- What Should You Know About Them

Kissing can cause oral warts to spread

Kissing can cause oral warts to spread

  • HPV spreads through indirect contact

A research shows that HPV cannot live outside the body, so you can’t get it from inanimate object or surface. But, there are some studies saying that HPV can survive outside for 24 hours to 7 days. During this time, if you come into contact with infected objects, you may contract the virus. Sex toys, for example, can make HPV spread to other people.

Related: Can You Get Genital Warts from a Toilet Seat?

2. HPV causes warts to spread to other areas of the body

HPV type 6 and 11 can cause warts on the genitals, called genital warts. These warts are highly contagious through sexual intercourse. But, you can also transfer them to other areas of your body. This occurs when there is a friction between the warts and another area of your skin. Genital warts can spread to the anus, resulting in anal warts. Some people get warts on their hands and spread them to their mouth, lips and anus. Touching your private parts and then touching other areas can also spread the virus.

Related: Can Genital Warts Spread to Other Areas of The Body?

How to stop HPV from spreading

To stop HPV before it spreads, get immediate treatment.  The few tips below can help you in treating and preventing HPV infections:

  • Get HPV warts removed. When HPV is visible in form of warts, it can be highly contagious. So, remove your warts immediately. You can get them removed surgically or apply antiviral topical creams. VidaroX is one of the most effective creams that can cure genital warts and prevent the spread. This cream is completely safe and natural. All ingredients are approved by FDA, providing users with peace of mind. With antiviral nanoparticles, it can work 5 times faster than other traditional creams. Many people also use VidaroX to treat recurrent warts and receive desired results. This cream is currently available in many doctor’s offices and even online. You can ask your doctor or access the main website for purchase.
  • Keep your body immune system strong to fight off the virus naturally. You should avoid bad habits, eat healthy, exercise and get lots of rest.
  • Get HPV vaccination.
  • Use condoms during sex to decrease the risk of HPV passing.
  • Consider monogamous sexual relationship.

Related: Dietary Nutrients and Oncogenic HPV Infections

Use condoms to lower the risks of HPV spreading

Use condoms to lower the risks of HPV spreading

HPV is dangerous and it can be transmitted and spread in many ways. If you’re diagnosed with this infection, don’t panic. The virus HPV can go away within 1-2 years. So, keep positive, get treatment, eat healthy and look forward.

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