6 Things About HPV and Fertility You Need to Understand

6 Things About HPV and Fertility You Need to Understand

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the common STDs, but people can get HPV without having sex. According to the CDC, about 80% of sexually active people will get an HPV infection at some point in their life that many of them don’t realize about it. This virus contains at least 150 types and most of them are harmless. However, HPV 16 and HPV 18 are high risk strains of HPV which cause serious complications. These strains also have an impact on your fertility. Keep reading this article to know 6 things about HPV and fertility.

6 Things About HPV and Fertility You Need to Understand

Understanding the basic information about HPV and fertility is important to protect yourself. Along with that, this helps lower the complications of fertility issues. Here’re 6 things about HPV and fertility you need to understand

  1. Are HPV and Fertility Linked?

Many STDs may cause fertility if left untreated. However, most HPV strains don’t affect your ability to get pregnant. Although you’ve heard that HPV can be associated with fertility problems, it’s not necessarily right in all cases. Only some types of HPV increase women’s risk of cervical cancer. Removing precancerous or cancerous cells from the cervix may affect the ability. In addition, certain strains of HPV causing genital warts or cancers may have a negative impact on your ability to have a baby.

Learn More: How HPV Affects Your Newborn Babies?

Many HPV strains don’t affect your ability to get pregnant.

Many HPV strains don’t affect your ability to get pregnant

  1. HPV Treatments Affect Women’s Fertility

Commonly, research shows that any STD makes difficulties for a woman to conceive. But it’s important to know that most cases of HPV can go away on their own without any treatment. If your doctor wants to remove abnormal cells, they may use some following techniques:

  • Cryotherapy to freeze and eliminate the abnormal tissues
  • A cone biopsy
  • A LEEP

While you receive the above techniques, these may have an impact on your ability to conceive in your fertility. That’s because HPV removals can change your cervical mucus production. It may narrow the opening of the cervix that makes sperm to slow and difficult to get fertilized.

Besides, several treatments result in the weakened cervix. While this doesn’t cause fertility issues or difficulties to get pregnant, it causes cervical insufficient. This makes your cervix widen and thin before your pregnancy has come.

Sometimes, HPV is linked to the risk of pregnancy loss and preterm birth. But these risks also depend on types of HPV you contract. Studies show a significant connection between HPV and pregnancy loss.

  1. HPV Affects Men’s Fertility

Not only does HPV affect women’s fertility, but it also has an impact on men’s fertility. Through a study in 2018, the HPV infection in sperm has a negative impact on pregnancy outcomes and increases the risk of pregnancy loss. The HPV virus affects men’s fertility by binding with the head of the sperm cell, which inhibits the ability of sperm cells to move freely. In fact, men with fertility problems are 3-4 times more prone than other men to contract HPV.

Learn More: HPV in Men: How Does a Man Find Out He Has This Infection

The HPV virus affects men’s fertility by binding with the head of the sperm cell, which inhibits the ability of sperm cells to move freely.

The HPV virus affects men’s fertility by binding with the head of the sperm cell, which inhibits the ability of sperm cells to move freely.

  1. How Does HPV Affect Pregnancy?

HPV in both men and women affect pregnancy by contributing to the risk of pregnancy loss. Research shows that couples with positive HPV are hard to get pregnancy than couples with negative results. One 2016 study showed that women with positive HPV were six times less likely than women with negative HPV to get pregnant after using IUI. Besides, a 2018 systematic review found that men with HPV had a negative impact on pregnancy rate and increased the threat of miscarriage.

  1. Do HPV Vaccines Cause Fertility?

Some people thought that HPV vaccines were one of the triggers of infertility. But this seems to be a wrong thinking. In reality, HPV vaccines improve fertility by preventing the growth of precancerous and cancerous cells in the cervix. The vaccines aren’t effective in preventing all strains of HPV. But these provide 90% of protection against high risk HPV. Thus, both men and women at the age 11 and 26 are advised to get HPV vaccines.

HPV vaccines provide protection against certain HPV strains causing genital warts or cancers

HPV vaccines provide protection against certain HPV strains causing genital warts or cancers

  1. Is There Any Way to Reduce the Risk of Contracting HPV?

Reducing the risk of contracting HPV is one of the effective ways to avoid fertility problems. Though HPV is a high contagious STDs, you still have many ways to reduce your danger of getting this virus.

  • Get HPV vaccinated. As mentioned above, HPV vaccines provide about 90% of protection against genital warts and certain cancers. Though the HPV vaccines aren’t effective for all types of HPV, these are good barriers for low-risk and high-risk HPV.
  • Make sure your partners also get vaccinated. Your sexual partners will spread HPV to you if he/ she has it. So, make sure that your sexual partners are vaccinated.
  • Get Pap smear test regularly. Regular Pap smear test is helpful to detect HPV infection and cervical cancer. But this test is only available for women.
  • Have a healthy safe sex. A healthy sex life plays a key role in reducing the risk of contracting HPV. Using condoms every time you have sex and limiting sexual partners are helpful. Condoms are effective in preventing the spread of some STIs. But HPV still spreads to other areas not covered by a condom.

If you’ve been infected with HPV and difficult to get pregnancy, the above things about HPV and fertility are important. It’s also necessary to consult with your doctor about your problem. While most HPV types are harmless, certain low risk and high-risk HPV strains cause some problem. They can lead to genital warts, cervical cancer, throat cancer or more. Luckily, Vidarox is one of the best topical creams to deal with HPV infections.

 

 

 

 

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